Cambridge is world famous as the home of one of the two oldest English universities, but the city has a long and eventful history of its own. The Roman may be the first to bridge the River Cam by AD 43. However in 875 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle called it Grantabrycge - one of the earliest known uses of the word 'bridge' in the English Language, suggesting that the town was famous for its bridge.
Peterhouse was the first college, founded in 1284. Today there are 35 colleges that make up the university.